Research

Keep up with our activities:



Facebook link
Twitter link
 Funded by the United States Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR).
Publication Format

A Transportation Guide for Persons who are Blind or Have Low Vision (2014)

A Transportation Guide for Persons who are Blind or Have Low Vision contains helpful information about finding and using transportation options, and is designed for persons with vision impairments or those who serve them. Forward the link or print copies of the document as needed.

PDF
Word

Work Assessment Instruments for the Vocational Evaluation of People with Visual Disabilities: Executive Summary (2012)

This document identifies current practices in work assessments that can be readily applied by education are rehabilitation professionals working with visual disabilities and identifies modifications needed for these work assessments to be applicable to individuals with visual disabilities. It then establishes norm developments for using these work assessments and identifies career options that are not available through the use of work assessments.

PDF
Word

Annotated Bibliography: Interventions Affecting Successful Secondary Transition of Adolescents with Visual Impairments (2011)

A systematic literature review resulted in selection of sixteen studies describing research projects focusing on interventions and practices affecting successful secondary transition among adolescents with visual impairments for annotation. This bibliography is organized by two research outcomes: studies investigating treatment effects on career awareness and job seeking skills and studies investigating social and related skills.

PDF
Word

Transition to Work: Rehabilitation Counselor Perspectives (2011)

This document summarizes comments made by rehabilitation counselors about transition age consumers with visual disabilities who successfully transitioned to competitive employment and factors that impacted this transition.

PDF
Word

References: Non-intervention Research Studies: Factors Affecting Successful Secondary Transition of Youth with Visual Impairments (2011)

This document lists reference citations for non-intervention research studies published between January 1987 and July 2010 which examine factors affecting successful transition to adulthood among youth with visual impairments.

PDF
Word

An Update on Services and Outcomes of Blind and Visually Impaired Consumers Served in Separate and General/Combined VR Agencies (2010)

A replication of a 1998 study comparing the demographic and disability characteristics, services, and outcomes of blind and visually impaired consumers served in separate vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies for the blind and agencies serving persons with all disabilities. Findings support previous studies indicating that separate VR agencies serve a higher percentage of consumers with characteristics associated with lower labor force participation rates and close a higher percentage of legally blind consumers into competitive employment.

PDF
Word

A Guide to Using the Accommodation Request Process of The Americans with Disabilities Act for People who are Blind or have Low Vision (2006)

This report functions as a guide for persons seeking to file an ADA request. It includes sections on how the ADA request process functions and suggestions from persons who are blind or visually impaired on how to successfully request reasonable accommodation.

PDF
Word

A Survey of the ADA Request Experience of Persons Who are Blind or Who Have a Severe Visual Impairment: Part II of a Three-Part Series (2006)

This report, the second of a three-part series, presents the findings from a survey of the work-related ADA accommodation request experiences of people who are blind or severely visually impaired over 5 years (2000 to 2004). The results from part one of this study, which found that people who are blind received limited help from employers with the accommodations they requested unless specialists from the state VR services were involved, were used as the basis for the survey in part two.

PDF
Word

Overcoming Barriers to Employment among Persons with Visual Disabilities: Perspectives of Rehabilitation Providers (2004)

This monograph identifies strategies/accommodations rehabilitation providers use to assist persons who are blind/severely visually impaired in overcoming employment barriers. Providers address attitudinal barriers through education strategies, which include presentations, networking, mentoring, job coaching, and on-the-job training experiences. Transportation barriers are addressed through individual intervention, such as relocation, transportation funds, or use of volunteers, as well as through systems change.

PDF
Word

The Impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) On the Employment of Individuals who are Blind or Have Severe Visual Impairments: Part I: Elements of the ADA Accommodation Request Process (2003)

This report, the first of a three part series, investigates the factors that affect the ADA accommodation request process. Interviews were conducted with people who are blind, rehabilitation professionals, and with recruiters for large national employers that are covered entities as defined by the ADA. Results from this phase found that people who are blind received limited help from employers with the accommodations they requested unless specialists from the state VR services were involved.

PDF
Word

Consumer and Employer Strategies for Overcoming Employment Barriers: Technical Report (2002)

This report presents results from focus groups of persons who are blind and employer focus groups suggesting strategies/methods for rehabilitation providers and employers assisting persons who are blind or severely visually impaired in overcoming employment barriers. Suggestions for rehabilitation providers and employers are provided.

PDF
Word

Providing Services to African Americans who are Blind: Views of Experienced White and African American Rehabilitation Counselors (2000)

This monograph explores perceptions of White and African American rehabilitation counselors’ perceptions of rehabilitating African Americans who are blind or visually impaired. Several similarities and differences are identified and discussed.

PDF
Word

Looking at Employment through a Lifespan Telescope: Age, Health, and Employment Status of People with Serious Visual Impairment (1999)

An in-depth analysis of nationally representative data on the employment of people who are legally blind or have other serious visual impairments, ages 18-69.

PDF
Word

Looking at Employment through a Lifespan Telescope: Age, Health, and Employment Status of People with Serious Vision Impairment - Executive Summary (1999)

An in-depth analysis of nationally representative data on the employment of people who are legally blind or have other serious visual impairments, ages 18-69.

PDF
Word

Relationship of Agency Structure and Client Characteristics to Rehabilitation Services and Outcomes for Consumers who are Blind (1999)

A 1998 study which investigated differences in state VR services and outcomes for legally blind consumers, comparing separate and combined (cross-disability) agencies.

PDF
Word

Comprehensive Examination of Barriers to Employment Among Persons who are Blind or Visually Impaired (1998)

Results of NRTC research indicate that on-the-job training programs, job coaches, and transportation voucher systems are helpful in assisting persons who are blind/severely visually impaired overcome employment barriers. Consumers also typically rely on their significant other for encouragement, transportation, and clerical assistance, while receiving assistance from the rehabilitation providers. Employers also provide adaptive equipment; encouragement and assistance; education and training; and clerical assistance, readers, and drivers.

PDF
Word

Barriers to Employment Among Persons who are Blind or Visually Impaired: Executive Summary (1998)

A 1998 executive summary describing MSU-RRTC research which identified barriers to employment faced by individuals who are blind or visually impaired. The document includes a brief literature review and describes results from a mail survey of employed persons who are blind or severely visually impaired.

PDF
Word

Characteristics, Services, and Outcomes of Rehabilitation Consumers who are Blind or Visually Impaired Served in Separate and General Agencies (1998)

RRTC researchers report results of their investigation of services provided to blind consumers in separate and general (combined) rehabilitation agencies. In addition, the monograph examines the ongoing debate within the rehabilitation community on the preservation of separate agencies; the origins of separate agencies within the state-federal program; and previous research investigating differences in rehabilitation experiences of blind consumers served in different agency structure types.

PDF
Word

Employment Retention after Vision Loss: Intensive Case Studies (1997)

This document examines the lives of 10 persons who are blind or severely visually impaired who maintained competitive employment despite their vision loss. This intensive examination of their success in the competitive job market provides insight regarding employment issues facing persons who are blind or visually impaired. Emphasis is placed on strategies rehabilitation counselors can use to facilitate effective job modification, thus promoting retention of competitive employment.

PDF
Word

Enhancing Training Effectiveness of Agencies, Consumers, and Employers: Final Report (1997)

This report is a summary of a five-year training and research project which developed 14 replicable training programs for rehabilitation professionals, consumers, and employers. The report gives an outline of each of the training programs that were developed, tested, and evaluated.

PDF

Intervention Practices in the Retention of Competitive Employment Among Individuals who are Blind or Visually Impaired (1997)

This report identifies and describes strategies that contribute to successful job retention for people who are blind or visually impaired. It also evaluates the best rehabilitation practices in regard to job retention for people who are blind or visually impaired.

PDF
Word

Student Perception of Careers in Blindness Services at Historically African American and Historically White Universities (1997)

A 1997 monograph that builds upon 1995 and 1996 MSU-RRTC publications. These works identify a lack of African American blindness rehabilitation service providers and proportional over representation of individuals who are African American as clients of blindness rehabilitation services. A comparison between undergraduate students attending “Historically Black” and those attending “Historically White” Colleges and Universities is framed, examining student interest in blindness rehabilitation and related careers.

PDF
Word

Relationships of Participant Selection and Cost Factors of Service Delivery across Rehabilitation Agency Types. Monograph I: Defining Rehabilitation Agency Types (1996)

This monograph reviews the different types and structures of rehabilitation agencies serving individuals who are blind or visually impaired throughout the country.

PDF
Word

Participation Levels of African Americans in the Profession of Blindness Services - Views of Service Providers: Executive Summary (1996)

This monograph identifies and discusses reasons for the under-representation of African Americans and other minority groups in the professional and occupational ranks of rehabilitation service providers for persons who are blind or visually impaired.

PDF
Word

Transition to Work Following Graduation from College: Experiences of Employees with Visual Impairments and Their Employers: Executive Summary (1995)

This report summarizes the findings from a study which evaluated experiences of employees with visual impairments and their successful strategies for transitioning from school to work. Results are presented and several suggestions for success are discussed.

PDF
Word

Transition to Work Following Graduation from College: Experiences of Employees with Visual Impairments and Their Employers: Technical Report (1995)

This report describes the experiences of successfully employed workers with visual impairments as they made the transition from college to work. Interviews were conducted with both employees and their employers to paint a fuller picture about experiences on the job. Direct quotations from employees and employers are included so readers can gain insight from the "experts" themselves.

PDF
Word

Contrasting Characteristics of Blind and Visually Impaired Clients Achieving Successful and Unsuccessful Job Retention (1995)

This report examined cases in the National Blindness and Low Vision Employment Database to identify and profile environmental and personal characteristics of clients who are blind or visually impaired and who were achieving successful and unsuccessful retention of competitive jobs. A total of 787 cases were analyzed. Clients were profiled and compared in detail, according to whether they retained their former job or retained employment at a comparable job.

PDF
Word

The 1994 Survey of Direct Labor Workers who are Blind and Employed by NIB Affiliated Industries for the Blind (1994)

This report is the results of a survey of direct labor workers who are blind or visually impaired and employed by the National Industries for the Blind (NIB) in 1994. The survey results were used to develop and modify current service delivery policies and systems with the goal of increasing job satisfaction, productivity, upward mobility, and opportunities for direct labor workers.

PDF
Word

Model Program Operation Manual for Business Enterprise Program Supervisors (1994)

BEP personnel will find this manual to be a valuable resource for planning and implementing a Business Enterprise Program. It provides a model from which general procedures can be outlined.

PDF
Word

The Transition to College for Students with Visual Impairments: Technical Report (1994)

This monograph identifies previous research and writings about the transition to college. It also contains insights from students with visual impairments who have succeeded in the college environment, and information from college administrators on programs for students with visual impairments. This monograph is aimed at providing information to help high school students, parents, high school counselors, vocational rehabilitation counselors, and rehabilitation teachers plan for a college education.

PDF

Model Curricula for Training Managers and Facility Operators in the Business Enterprise Program: A Resource Guide (1993)

This resource guide outlines detailed objectives and resources for training curriculum for training managers and facility operators in the Business Enterprise Program. Topics covered include orientation to the BEP, merchandising and customer relations, small business management, recordkeeping (financial management), food costs, and employee relations, among others.

PDF
Word

Selected Readings on the Preparation of Personnel for the Education of Students who are Deaf-Blind (1993)

These readings were selected to survey the field of education of students who are deaf-blind with respect to preparation of its teachers. The readings have been divided into two categories: the needs of teachers' in-service and pre-service training, and information about students arranged according to programmatic issues such as "diagnostics" or "transition," most of which have been written concerning students who are blind, deaf, or deaf-blind.

PDF
Word

Dimensions of Service Delivery to Blind Clients in Vocational Rehabilitation and Implications for Employment Outcomes (1992)

This book seeks to identify factors in the rehabilitation process that can lead to heightened employment outcomes, reduced unsuccessful outcomes, and particularly, to enhanced competitive employment of clients who are blind or have low vision.

PDF
Word

Lifestyles of Employed Legally Blind People - A Study of Expenditures and Time Use: Technical Report (1992)

This monograph explores the lifestyles of individuals who are legally blind and employed and compares this group to a group of sighted individuals on factors such as social participation, financial expenditures, educational background, family situation, use of technology, and other social factors. Conclusions are made about key similarities and differences.

PDF
Word

Factorial Identification of Characteristics of Blind Clients in Vocational Rehabilitation and Implications for Employment Outcomes. Monograph I: Dimensions of the Rehabilitation Service Delivery System (1992)

The general purpose of this monograph is to establish underpinnings for an information system which can provide technical assistance to state and private rehabilitation agencies and service providers in the vocational rehabilitation process for blind and visually impaired persons. Major goals of the study are to gain a better understanding of the rehabilitation system, which will aid administrators, planners, and managers in directing the system, and also identify factors in the rehabilitation process which lead to heightened employment outcomes.

PDF
Word

The Randolph-Sheppard Business Enterprise Program: Illumination and Color Contrast Monograph 3: Studies of the Randolph-Sheppard Program (1992)

In this study, researchers sought to determine whether or not snack bars operating under the Randolph-Sheppard Business Enterprise Program meet recommended illumination standards and use color schemes to achieve proper mood and maximum production when applicable. Only dining and storage areas were found to meet or surpass recommended illumination levels. Results of this study suggest that a review and possible improvement of light and color in existing facilities might enhance sales and profits for blind entrepreneurs.

PDF
Word

Teaching Students who are Deaf-Blind: Observed Practices (1991)

The purpose of this document is to investigate and identify current effective practices in teaching youth who are deaf-blind, and to develop instructional guidelines based on those observed practices.

PDF
Word

Youth with Visual Disabilities - Transition from School to Work: Executive Summary (1991)

This monograph examines the career transition problems of young people with visual impairments as they moved from school to work, and identified key components of selected transition programs. The researchers found that the problems faced by young people in transition who have visual disabilities include overprotection by the system, overprotection by families, poor development of leisure time skills, limited choice of careers, and negative perspectives on disability.

PDF
Word

Identification of Roles and Functions of Orientation and Mobility Specialists (1991)

The study had two major objectives: (1) to identify current roles and functions of O&M specialists and (2) to identify the training needs of this group as they relate to their current work. A survey instrument, derived from actual job descriptions received from a variety of settings nationwide, was pilot tested on a randomly selected national sample of O&M specialists working in a variety of settings. A factor analysis and a review by a national panel of experts resulted in a final instrument comprised of 100 job task items.

PDF
Word

Youth with Visual Disabilities - Transition from School to Work: Technical Report (1990)

This project examined the career transition problems of young people with visual impairments as they moved from school to work and identified key components of selected transition programs. Young people who were still in training or currently employed were selected from an educationally based and a rehabilitation based transition program to participate in the study. Eighteen transition services and a number of problems faced by young people with visual disabilities in transition from school to work were identified.

PDF
Word

Youth with Visual Disabilities - Transition from School to Work: Selected Readings (1990)

The purpose of this monograph is to provide information regarding the transition from school to work of youth who have visual impairments. It is placed in the context of transition in the general population and difficulties experienced or anticipated for all youth. Specific barriers to transition or limitations of opportunities for all disabled persons and for persons with visual disabilities are noted. The method of presentation is to provide a summary of selected articles by various topics.

PDF
Word

Teaching Youth who are Deaf-Blind: Annotated Bibliography (1990)

This publication is designed to be of assistance to teachers who have little or no previous teaching experience working with individuals who are deaf-blind. The publication is divided into topical sections which address specific concerns of teachers. These sections begin with explanatory text which is followed by a topically related annotated bibliography.

PDF

Workplace Visual Functioning Assessment for Job Modification and Accommodation (1988)

The purpose of this report is to examine three areas of work evaluation (visual skills, job tasks, and person-job match) as they are affected by the visual nature of the job tasks and the impact of the visual disability of the individual. Specifically, the discussion will analyze the visual environment of the job site, the visual abilities/limitations of individuals with visual impairments, and how modifications and accommodations can be made to the job or for the employees themselves.

PDF
Word

A Comparison on Job Tasks for Operators of Business Enterprises for the Blind and State Licensing Agency Training Practices (1988)

The purpose of this study was to describe the job tasks of Business Enterprise Program (BEP) operators in snack bar, cafeteria, and vending businesses and to compare reported job tasks to state licensing agency (SLA) training programs. Results indicate that there are some major differences between practice and the training provided by state licensing agencies.

PDF
Word

The Unsuccessfully Closed Blind Consumers: Characteristics of Nonemployment Outcome: Technical Report (1986)

The purpose of this report is to identify characteristics of clients closed as unsuccessful and to establish which factors differentiate this outcome from other outcome groups. The goal of this study is to assist vocational rehabilitation agencies to better serve individuals who are blind or visually impaired by providing information on the unsuccessful case closures so that the client characteristics and rehabilitation process patterns which lead to unsuccessful closures can be identified early and averted.

PDF

The Blind Homemaker Closure: A Multivariate Analysis: Executive Summary (1986)

This report discusses factors that differentiate a homemaker closure from other closures. Specific factors considered include: rehabilitation service delivery system, disability, personal/biographical characteristics, financial status, occupational history, and environmental factors.

PDF

Vocational Education Readiness Tests: Modification and Adaptation for Blind and Visually Impaired Persons (1986)

This report presents results for additional assessment tools for evaluating blind, partially sighted, or severely visually impaired persons for entrance into vocational education training programs. Adapted work sample manuals were developed for auto mechanics, basic wiring, and quantity foods.

PDF

Low Vision Visual Performance as a Function of Environmental and Task Characteristics (1986)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of several stimulus characteristics on the performance of people with visual impairments across various tasks related to many kinds of real world visual functioning.

PDF

Factors Influencing Employment Outcomes of Legally Blind Rehabilitation Clients who have Hearing Impairments (1986)

Executive summary of a study of the relationship between agency/consumer data and employment outcomes of 44 individuals who are legally blind with a hearing impairment.

PDF
Word

Nothing matched your search terms.